Evaluation of research translation, training and health promotion to reduce the OM burden at the population level. (WA department of Health, CIA Lehmann, Jeffries-Stokes, Pearson and Coates).
The Goldfields region in Western Australia (WA) has been the site of OM research (the KalOM birth cohort project) over a five-year period. An evaluation of a research translation and health promotion program funded by Healthway has been completed and the transition to routine implementation by health services is underway. Innovative research in smoking cessation will now be incorporated, with reductions in the prevalence of OM in Aboriginal infants and toddlers being a key outcome.
A program ‘Pina Palya, Pina Kulilku’ involving ear training of nurses and Aboriginal Health Workers (AHWs), and health promotion (smoking cessation, hygiene, soap making, regular ear checks) has been evaluated using standardised data collection instruments. This evaluation showed improved clinical skills and knowledge of causal pathways, with fewer people smoking inside the house.
In a separate award-winning program in the Pilbara, Indigenous postdoc with members of the Hedland community developed culturally appropriate strategies to reduce exposure of Aboriginal children to second-hand tobacco smoke. These include a series of infomercials - “nobakkibaby”- and the construction of gazebos in people’s homes to encourage people to smoke outside the house.
"nobakkibaby" infomercial - the kids know (30 seconds)
This is the first comprehensive program and evaluation of research translation, training and health promotion to reduce the OM burden at the population level. With incorporation and evaluation of the Indigenous researcher-led social marketing program, this innovative OM prevention strategy has the potential to impact on the OM disease burden nationally.